Going through a separation is difficult, particularly when there are children involved. There are arrangements that need to be made, and there are legal obligations too, but the most important thing is to make sure your child is coping.
This guide will help you with the legalities, but we also cover how you can help your children manage the separation.
One of the most important decisions you need to make is where the child will live (and with whom), and how often they will see each parent. This decision is often tied up with child maintenance payments, but these can also be arranged separately.
Depending on the circumstances of your separation, you may wish to decide this amicably between yourselves, but if you wish to have a legally binding agreement, it is probably best to talk to a solicitor.
Our expert solicitors are here to guide you through the process and take some of the stress out of the situation.
Child Arrangement Order
If there are disagreements over who will live with your children or who will see them more, you may be able to resolve these through a mediator. If mediation doesn’t work then it may have to go through the courts where a Child Arrangement Order will be made. This decides who will live with the child, and when each parent gets to see them. They can be granted to more than one person, e.g. it may be decided that time will be split equally between you both.
Our solicitors can help you sort out a Child Arrangement Order if you wish to have one in place.
Specific Issue Order (SIO)
It may be possible to get a Specific Issue Order from the court if you disagree over important decisions in your child’s upbringing, such as:
- Education (e.g. the school they will attend)
- Religion (e.g. what faith, if any, they will follow)
- Health (e.g. what medical treatment they should receive)
However, the court is unlikely to intervene on every day matters in bringing up a child (e.g. what you feed them) unless there are extenuating circumstances.
If you wish to change your child’s surname you must have express permission from the other parent, and anyone else who may have parental responsibility. If you change the surname without their permission they may be granted a Specific Issue Order to change it back again.
Prohibited Steps Order (PSO)
A PSO can be granted by the court to forbid someone with parental responsibility from taking certain actions with your child. This may be that they wish to:
- Take the child abroad
- Remove the child from your care/from school
- Allow the child contact with people you do not want them to see.
- Make changes to the child’s surname
You do not both need to be present at the hearing if it is an emergency. A PSO may be granted temporarily until the other parent can attend, or indefinitely.
Taking your child abroad
It is worth bearing in mind that in order to take children abroad (either for a holiday or moving) you need express permission from all who hold parental responsibility, or you may be charged with child abduction.
Separation due to violence
If you have separated from your partner as a result of controlling behaviour or domestic violence and you are worried about the safety of yourself and your children, there are steps you can take.
It is possible to get a Prohibited Steps Order (see above) to prevent your partner taking certain actions with your children. However, if you believe there is a genuine risk of harm then is it important to speak to the police and seek urgent legal advice. Legal advice will not only help to protect you, it ensures you make the right decisions for both you and your children.
First4Lawyers are here to help, get in touch today and we’ll make sure you get the help you deserve.
Helping your child cope
The breakdown of a parental relationship can be very hard on children, even if one of the separating parents is not a biological relation. Children react in a variety of ways, not just because of age or personality, but also because each child is different.
It is important to look out for any signs of anxiety, sadness or anger. Children may also be left feeling bewildered or lonely, and they may hide their feelings from you. Here are some things you can do to help them:
- Take time to listen and talk to them.
- Reassure them.
- Keep an eye out for any changes in their behaviour.
- Don’t give mixed signals – make it clear the break-up is for good.
- Try to protect them from your problems by not involving them in arguments, but at the same time, don’t exclude them completely – they need to know what’s going on.
- Remain the adult: keep your anger/hurt away from them. Don’t bad-mouth the other parent to your child or force them to take sides.
- Keep some stability by creating a routine and sticking to it.
- Accept support from others – not just for your benefit but for your children’s benefit too.
- Allow them to keep in contact (when safe to do so) with both parents, as this will help reassure them. Accept that there are still two parents, despite any hurt/anger you may feel.
Help is available, and you don’t have to do it all on your own.
Useful contacts for advice
Child maintenance options: 0800 9880 988
Working Families: 0800 0130 313
Gingerbread (offer advice for separated parents): 0808 8020 925
Reunite (offer advice on child abduction): 0116 255 6234
Help for domestic violence
First4Lawyers are here to help, we know that separations can be a difficult time, especially when children are involved, and we will make the process as easy as possible for you. If you need advice, or need help getting a court order in place, get in touch today. Call us on 0808 256 1823 or fill in our enquiry form.